Patients will present often with a bulge that worsens on coughing, or that is noticeable on doing a sit up. It can be accompanied by discomfort or pain. A complication of a hernia is when the hernia itself becomes stuck and its blood supply may be lost. This can be a surgical emergency.
Treatment involves surgically replacing the organ back into the abdomen and repairing the weakness. Sometimes this weakness requires a synthetic mesh to reinforce the repair.
This can be performed at the same time as a tummy tuck (abdominoplasty) or part of a mummy makeover. This is because very often there is a looseness of skin after the repair.